- Volume 13, Issue 2
Abyad, MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE (Editor)
A. Abyad, MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE (Editor)
Abyad Medical Center & Middle East Longevity
Azmi Street, Abdo Center, 2nd Floor
PO BOX 618, Tripoli LEBANON
Tel & Fax: 961 6 443684/5/6
This is the second issue this year
that is rich with papers from the region addressing issues
of job stressors among multicultural nursing force.
A paper from Saudi Arabia looked at Job Related Stressors
and Job Satisfaction among Multicultural Nursing Workforce.
The aim of the study was to identify the different job-related
stressors in hospital that affect nurses job satisfaction
from a multicultural perspective and examine how these two
variables were correlated with each other. A cross-sectional
descriptive correlational design was used. A convenience sampling
was composed of 150 nurses stationed at different levels of
education in the intensive care department.
The most stressful factors included
criticism and conflicts, which negatively affect job satisfaction.
Studies showed that the environmental stressors, like unclear
and ambiguous job roles and unequal treatment of nurses are
as important as the internal stress factors, including the
personality types. The authors concluded that high stress
and workload is disproportionate to the payment provided to
nurses. The cumulative increase of stress among nurses will
eventually affect the quality of services and care of patients.
Work conditions need to be improved in terms of disseminating
responsibilities, not delegating
work to nurses who are overloaded with bedside nursing care,
and providing enough time for nurses to relax. Strict protocols
have to be implemented in terms of interaction between patients
and non Arabic speaking nurses to prevent exposure to any
type of conflict and misunderstanding.
A paper from Eygpt looked at mothers
satisfaction with care provided for their children in PICU
and to investigate the relationship between mothers
demographic and clinical data of the child and level of mothers
satisfaction. A descriptive research design was conducted
on a convenience sample of 108 mothers and their children
admitted to Mansoura University childrens Hospital (MUCH).
Parent satisfaction survey (PSS) was used after making modification
for data collection, in addition to demographic and clinical
data of studied mothers and child. The results of this study
found a statistical significant relation between the education
level of mothers and the total score of mothers satisfaction.
In addition, a statistical significant difference was found
between length of hospital stay, previous admission to PICU
and communication, parental participation subscale domain
(P>0.05). the study concluded that, mothers participation
of care provided for their children and good communication
from the health care team are significant to mothers
satisfaction. Therefore, we recommended training programs
should be implemented about effective communication skills
between all health care team and pediatric patients as well
as their parents.
A paper from Libya looked at cosmetic
dermatology issues. The lips and the eyes boost facial beauty,
and with the lip as the focal center of the lower face, both
have been highlighted since ancient times. The face depicts
a sculpture and a voluptuous lip is often portrayed as a symbol
of youth, associated with sex appeal and romance. A young
lady in her mid thirties presented with asymmetrical upper
lips with a vertical scar on the left side. Lip contouring
with defining and a fractional laser were proposed and the
gained results were aesthetically appealing and pleasing.
Lip augmentation is a common aesthetic treatment, well tolerated
and it combines a medical treatment with an element of artistry
and the results are visible immediately after the procedure.
A paper from Turkey tried to understand
whether or not there are some significant relationships between
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), chronic gastritis (CG), smoking,
depression, hemorrhoids, and urolithiasis in the present study.
IBS is diagnosed according to Rome II criteria in the absence
of red flag symptoms including pain and diarrhea that awakens/interferes
with sleep, weight loss, fever, and abnormal physical examination
findings which are not compatible with IBS. The study included
647 patients with the IBS and 340 control cases. Mean age
of the IBS patients was 41.4 ± 14.4 (15-86) years.
Interestingly, 64.2% of the IBS patients were female. Prevalences
of CG (78.3% versus 15.0%), history of antidepressants use
(48.0% versus 15.5%), smoking (36.4% versus 20.5%), hemorrhoids
(36.1% versus 7.0%), and urolithiasis (23.3% versus 9.4%)
were all significantly higher in the IBS group (p<0.001
for all). The authors concluded that IBS may be a low-grade
inflammatory process being initiated with infection, inflammation,
smoking, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, cancer fear,
or death fear-like stresses, and eventually terminates with
dysfunctions of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts
of the body. Probably there are highly significant relationships
between IBS, CG, smoking, depression, hemorrhoids, and urolithiasis.